Mundra is one bursting towns of Gujarat. Economically vibrant it is a part of Kutch district. Mundra is famous for its port. Dotted by many ancient building and monuments, this port city is a must visit destination in Gujarat.
Geography of MundraMundra is positioned at 22.85 degrees in the North and 69.73 degrees in the East. The avg. elevation of the town is 46 feet or 14 m. Adipur, Gandhidham, Mandvi and Bhuj are some important cities that are located in the vicinity of Mundra.
Demography of MundraAccording to the census of 2011, the population of the town was 20338. The avg. literacy rate of the town is 82.78 percent. Hindi and Gujarati are the official languages of Mundra.
History of MundraThe old town of Mundra was surrounded with walls and strengthened with masonry from remains of old Bhadreshwar town which is located 27 km towards North-East. Mundra came under the Kutch State. The town was fortified by Devkaran Seth in the year 1728. Mundra was seized in the year 1755 and was protected by Rao of Kutch Godji II when in rebellion from his father.
In the year 1801, Fateh Mohd., handed it over to Dosal Ven. In the year 1815, the town was seized by Mohd. Sota. Mundra had a total population of twelve hundred in the year 1818 and the total revenue produced was Rs 30000. Later in the year 1855, the town had around 1500 houses. 1879 was a lucky year when a great trade happened with Khambhat, Bombay, Kathiawar and Surat. The most important exports were castor seed, wool, cotton, dyed cloths, pulse etc. The main imports were timber, dates, piece goods, metals, grains and grocery stuff. In the year 1872, the population of Mundra increased to 7952.
In the year 1956, the Kutch State was combined with the Bombay state. In 1960 the Bombay State was further divided into Maharashtra and Gujarat. Kutch became a part of the State of Gujarat. The present town of Mundra comes under the District of Kutch in Gujarat.
In the year 1994, the announcement of Mundra Port was done. In 1998, October, the operation had begun. In the following years the Mundra Port expanded speedily which led to quick expansion of the population of Mundra. In 2001, January, when the horrible earthquake took place in Gujarat, in the entire Kutch District Mundra was the only town which was unaffected by this destruction. After this earthquake many new industries were established in the Kutch District which resulted in rapid industrialization of the Mundra town as well. In the year 2014, the Port of Mundra became better than Kandla in terms of cargo handling. Mundra Port also became the biggest private port of our country.
Tourism in Mundra
There are many places of attraction in Mundra. Beautiful temples, scared shriners, monument are present in this part of Gujarat.
Shantinath Mahadev Temple: The main deity of this Hindu temple is Lord Shiva. This pious shrine is situated close to Shantivan Colony which is a township for Adani Port’s employees. This place is in the vicinity of the village of Nana Kapaya. The Mahadev temple is enclosed by a gorgeous garden.
This temple also comprises some memorials of renowned sailors of Mundra. These sailors include those who advised Vasco da Gama to visit India as well as a few who guided Zanzibar’s Sultan.
Bukhari Pir Dargah: In the year 1660, Hazrat Shah Murad Bukhari came here from Bukhara. The residents of Mundra gave him a warm welcome and he introduced Islam to the locals. After the death of Hazrat Shah the locals of Mundra constructed a shrine to memorialize him. This pious place is flocked by devotees from various religions. Later a gate (popular as Mughal Gate) was also built here to venerate Hazrat Shah which is a must-see attraction of Mundra. A plethora of devotees congregate at this shrine while coming back from Hajipur’s pilgrimage in the month of March and April.
Jain Temples in Mundra: Mundra boasts of 4 Jain temples- Parshwanath Temple which belongs to Tapa Gaccha, Gorji Trust’s Amizara Parshwanath Temple, Anchal Gaccha’s Sheetalnath Temple and Kharatara Gaccha’s Mahavira Temple.
Navlakha Palace: Built by Bhadresar’s Khoja, this palace is a 2 storied building.
Nilkanth Mahadev Temple: This shrine is dedicated to Lord Shiva and was built in 1667. The temple is located in Baroi which is one mile away from Mundra and is surrounded by a small court. The linga is surpassed by a giant brass snake with 7 heads. This huge snake was brought from Bhadresar’s Shiva temple (Duda Temple).
Economy of Mundra
Once famous for spices and salt busines, Mundra today is home to Mundra Port which is the largest private port owned and operated by Adani Ports & SEZ Limited. The town has two thermal power plants- Mundra Thermal Power Station and Mundra Ultra Mega Power Plant which are operated by Adani Power and Tata Power respectively. These power plants produce electricity of more than 8600 Megawatt. In order to drive the power plants the coal which is needed is imported from Indonesia. The water of Gulf of Kutch is the main water source to drive these power plants.
Block printed fabrics and tie & dye stuff also forms an important source of employment in the region. A majority of locals work in power stations, port and manufacturing units.
Culture in MundraMoti Ravadi and Nani Ravadi are the popular dances of the locals of the town. In the Hindu calendar’s Shravan month some procession festivals are rejoiced by the seafaring communities which belong to the Kharva caste of Gujarat. The new maritime season is welcomed with “Nava Naroj” on the first day. Muharram, Diwali, Eid, Uttarayan and Holi are the main festivals that are celebrated in Mundra. Kadak and Debeli are the most sought-after snacks of Mundra.
Transport in MundraMundra does not have any railway station of its own. The major rail head to the town is Rajkot Junction Rlwy Stn which is almost 140 kilometers from Mundra. Adani group operates the Mundra Airport which happens to be a private airport for both scheduled and non-scheduled functions.
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